Dawn of Human Matrilineal Diversity (American Journal of Human Genetics)

Photo: Map of Africa

Over 600 complete mtDNA genomes from indigenous populations across the continent were analyzed by Genographic scientists and their collaborators, and the data provided surprising insights into the early demographic history of human populations before they moved out of Africa. The extensive data analysis led by Doron Behar, Genographic Associate Researcher, based at Rambam Medical Center, Haifa and Saharon Rosset of IBM T.J. Watson Research Center, NY and Tel Aviv University, revealed that early human populations were small and isolated from each other for many tens of thousands of years.